Jonglei State: The GOSS Genocide, War Crimes, Crimes against Humanity and Ethnic Cleansing ‘Going on’ in South Sudan

February 15, 2013 (SSNA) — South Sudanese folks under the current highly rampantly corrupt in a pre-born and a pre-failed GOSS in Juba that is incapable of governing itself has caused the citizens great suffering, hunger, disease, widespread of human rights abuses, social injustice, lack of freedom, democracy and equality as well as extremely entrenched ethnocentrism (tribalism) or the so-called “Mongjiengism” or a quasi Dinka supremacy or hegemony and Apartheid system in Africa’s newest failed state” of South Sudan.

Undisciplined, untrained and marauding SPLA forces have been responsible for all of the provocations and the dying of civilians who have been harassed, beaten and killed by the SPLA as a party’s army rather than a national army and the notorious national security forces led by killers and murderers. The SPLA and the national security forces have been responsible for different ethnic groups fighting within Jonglei State. It has provoked the Luo Nuer the largest nationality in the state with a population of more than 1.5 million people, and part of the largest homogeneous Nuer nationality in South Sudan that straddles also into southwestern Ethiopia of Gambela Region#12 according to Sudan 5th Population Census in 2009 and one of potentially rich because of the discovery of oil and gas and other strategically critical materials in Greater Upper Nile States.

The GOSS has deployed secret tactics of committing genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity as well as ethnic cleansing under the pretext of the UN Disarmament, Demobilization and Rehabilitation (DDR) Program in the last few years and drastically failed in the process because the DDR had been conducted unfairly. The notorious unelected Governor Kuol Manyang Juuk, the State Government and the GOSS in Juba concentrated their efforts on disarming the Nuer majority, the strongest and potentially the richest nationality because of oil and gas discovered in the Nuerland in the late 1970s-1980s and then became the ‘oil hub’ of Sudan then and now the ‘oil hub’ of the banana republic of South Sudan. 

The Luo Nuer cooperated more than enough with the UN DDR Program and as they turned in their weapons; they had been constantly attacked by their neighbors the Dinka Bor, the Murle who were not disarmed and the SPLA party’s army rather than as the national army or sometimes a combination of the above-mentioned. The Luo Nuer has got the means and they re-armed themselves for self-defense from their neighbors who have failed to live and let us live in peace and in harmony. The re-arming of the Nuer also became a threat to the octogenarian and under educated Dinka power elites who had the ‘Nuerophobia’ in South Sudan like Europeans had ‘Germanophobia’ in Europe, the Asians had the ‘Japanophobia’ in Asia and the Korean Peninsula and currently the Western industrialized countries and the US had Islamophonia, Shiaophonia, Sunniophobia, including the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) ‘nukeophobia’ in Israel that had already stockpiled more than 400-500 nuke warheads in its arsenal in Demona, Negev, Israel.

The US as a superpower also had the North Korean ‘Nuclearophobia’ and the ‘Sinophobia’ in both marketplace economy and its inner secret weapon that would surprise the US when the Chinese would declare the “Yuan” currency based on the gold because it more gold in the world compared only to Germany and the Russian Federation plus its nuclear power. It does not matter anymore how many killed or died in Jonglei State, but there is one thing for sure though, democratic change or democratic transformation is inevitable to emerge not only in Jonglei state, but throughout South Sudan. The Dinka led GOSS has failed the Southern revolution because of greed, rampant corruption, embezzlements, widespread human right abuses in violations of the 30 articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights under the UNGA resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948, Paris, France, and the Four Geneva Conventions and the Amendments thereunto and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CORC) in South Sudan. 

The Murle realized that continued provocation against the Nuer majority was not in its best interest as a small minority within the State and South Sudan as a whole. It reckoned that the Nuer nationality is also living within the Murleland is not the enemy, but the real enemy has been the Dinka Bor. Of course, when the Nuer Youth retaliated against the Murle, the consequences were too severed against them. The two nationalities through consultations were able to sit down through the traditional and modern mechanisms of conflict resolution and resolved their differences and peace returned to the area among the Lou Nuer majority and the Murle minority.  

In recent weeks, however, the rebellion intensified against the weak GOSS by the South Sudan Revolutionary Forces (SSRF) that seeks truly democratic change or democratic transformation in South Sudan. The SPLA deployed Major-General Peter Gadet Yak to do another cruel and brutal disarmament against the Luo Nuer White Army (LNWA), the Nuer Youth Militias (NYM) and the Gokdeng (Prophet) Forces who had acquired new more arms for self-defense, further provocations and incursions from both the SPLA, the Dinka Bor supported by the GOSS in Juba against the Nuer and the Murle in Jonglei State.

About two (2) days ago or so, the SPLA went on rampage against the local Luo Nuer who was preparing to move on with their cattle and families to the grazing lands in the Toich. At night the SPLA came in with the military cars and attacked the local Luo Nuer and killed more than 123 mostly women, children and kidnapped or abducted more than 90 other children and claimed that the incident was committed by the Murle against the Luo Nuer in order to provoke another Luo Nuer-Murle inter-ethnic fighting. But according to an eye witnessed, it was not the Murle who committed this heinous crime, but the SPLA forces per orders from Bor and Juba. Based on direct reports from the area of the incident via telephones, it was rest assured that the killing of the local civilians without any provocation was committed by the SPLA against the Nuer rather than by the Murle. When the Luo Nuer retaliated, most of the dead were SPLA soldiers rather than Murle tribesmen and most of the cattle and all the kidnapped 90 children were all rescued. Tensions remained high in Jonglei State and unless something is done it could explode into a civil war between the well armed local Luo Nuer and the Murle populations against the SPLA forces.

Yesterday the Luo Nuer Youth went on to the streets demonstrations in Bor town and presented a written statement to Kuol Manyang and his government in which they gave him an ultimatum petition to let Juba know that enough is enough, that they would be ready to fight anybody in the state, that they would rearm every Nuer Youth from the ages 15 and older and that they would join the SSRF rebel forces to wage war against the failed GOSS and the state government. They gave the so-called Governor a dateline to give them an urgent response from Juba by today’s dateline or else all things could break loose. The Nuer Youth feel that the state government favors some citizens and disfavors others or social discrimination based on tribal lineages and that this has been one of the root causes of the confusion and inter-ethnic rivalries within the state. Secondly, they requested Slava Kiir to unconditionally dismiss the current notorious Kuol Manyang to go and to replace him with someone that would cater to all the citizens and that they would also be the people’s choice and accountable to the people’s power in the state rather than to Juba. Thirdly, they demanded the immediate transfer of the state power to majority rule with minority rights protected and, fourthly, state resources (wealth) be shared equitably instead of one man’s monopoly or a group monopoly at the expense of others that had been the case under the notorious Kuol Manyang and his protégés and sycophants rule in the past few years. Most of the state wealth had been utilized to develop only Dinka Bor County whilst other State Counties have been left underdeveloped, without electricity; road construction; schools; healthcare system; agricultural development; clean drinking water and socio-impact. This is a reflection of a ‘cluster’ development rather a universal approach for the improvements of all socioeconomic and political conditions within the state.

The Nuer Youth accused the UMISS for its failure to do its mandate by providing equal protection to the civilians’ population. They also call on the UN Secretary-General Ben Ki Moon to replace Miss Heilga F. Johnson as the head of UNMISS because she has been a registered and a card carrier ‘partisan’ of the SPLA party for years and she does not care much about the civilians’ population and the Luo Nuer and the Murle in particular, known to be anti-SPLA. They further called that the UNMISS to remain as a neutral body, that its needs to remain as neutral as much as possible in South-South affairs, and that it needs a neutral person to lead it rather than a ‘partisan’  in order to properly do its mandate.

Meanwhile, the SSRF rebels would intensify the armed struggle against the rampantly corrupt GOSS in Juba and calls on the people of the Greater Upper Nile region (Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile States) to unite their ranks and files for ‘secession’ of the region as an independent and sovereign state from South Sudan. It would be recalled that South Sudan, albeit, ‘separated’ from the mother country- the Republic of Sudan- on 9 July 2011 because of alleged social injustice, domination, exploitation and oppression from our Northern brethrens. The current mode of operandi and mode of Vivendi has been far worse compared to our previous circumstances with the North because there was law and order instead of lawlessness. Civilians were not harassed, beaten and killed randomly without any probable causes because there was police protection. Nowadays, in South Sudan, it has become a lawless state and people die everyday without investigations of the probable causes of death, no autopsies done before burials and without remorse at all. The SPLA security forces have been responsible for all the deaths and many bad things that happened to the populations throughout South Sudan. We hope that the Governors of Unity and Upper Nile States would cooperate in this matter.

There have been also so many bad things and many bad cases of abuses committed by the SPLA throughout South Sudan that the SAF did not commit against the innocent civilians during the war years. In despite of the war between the North and South, there was good and extraordinaire civilian-military relations compared to what we have been experiencing in South Sudan with the SPLA as one of the most hated and disliked outfit by the civilians’ population. Because the SPLA has broken the law, we would not submit and then turn around to build up another ‘neo-oppressor,’ dictatorship and oligarchic rule in a pre-born and a pre-failed state of South Sudan that’s now moving from being an unstable state, to stateless and to statelessness similar to Somalia in the post-Sayaid Bari rule in 1992.

Therefore, the best solution for the South would be to break up into three (3) mini-states like it was divided in 1983 into three (3) autonomous regions per recommendation of Major-General Joseph Lago (ret.) and the Equatorians intelligentsia to the late President Al-Nuiemri that the Niolitics majority (Dinka-Nuer) dominated the then Regional Government. Instead of bloodshed, the best tenable reasonable alternative (TRA) solution would be for the South to disintegrate peacefully and politically into three (3) mini-nation-states of Bahr-el-Ghazel, Equatoria and Upper Nile resemblance of the Czech and the Slovak Republics during the days of Perestroika (restructuring) and Glasnost (openness) as the legacy of the former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev.

The current situation in South Sudan has been deliberately and willfully instigated, fueled and ignited by the Western powers under the umbrella of the US, Israel and the UK who have been venturing to utilize the GOSS in Juba as a surrogate to implement the orchestrated policy of the regime change in Khartoum. The GOSS, Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) and the SPLA-N do not have the guts and gusto to topple the democratically elected government for the first time in a quarter of century in the Republic of Sudan. The South Sudan Revolutionary Forces (SSRF) would provide the necessary protection to the local civilians in the countryside. We urge and appeal to all the good men and women in the SPLA to defect and join the revolution for social justice, freedom, democracy, equality as well the development of a constitution that enshrined the Bill of Rights for the protection and safeguarding of all the citizens. Slava Kiir’s must and ought to go through the people’s power, he would have to go and neither the US nor Zionist-Israel and Uganda would provide him protection.

Finally, we would call on the human rights watch (HRWs), the UN Commission for Human Rights (UNCHR), the UN Department for Humanitarian Affairs (UNDHA), the European Union (EU) to investigate all the abuses committed by the GOSS and the SPLA before it is too late. As I see it, Africa’s newest state is at the brink of making of civil war in South Sudan. We are afraid that South Sudan could become the next Pol Pot’s Khmer Rouge Cambodia (1975-1980), the 1994 Rwanda Genocide, the ongoing dreadful and treacherous war within Syria for the past 22 months and the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and Mali, West Africa. This situation could be averted if the world leaders, i.e., the African Union (AU), the US and the UK in particular, would do the right thing.


Dr. David de Chand, Chairman
South Sudan Democratic Front Party (SSDF)
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