What is politics in South Sudan Context?

By Peter Gai Manyuon

August 13, 2014 (SSNA) — Is politics preaching about tribalism? Is politics taking Country resources? Is politics killing people in ethnicity line?  Is politics raping women and girls? Or what is the politics that is going on in South Sudan under the leadership of Gen Salva Kiir Mayardit?

Logically, what I have visualized in the Republic of South Sudan is that, most of the politicians joined politics when they have not known the principles of politics. Well any one can defined the term “politics” in different way. To my own understanding politics meaning; is the practice and theory of influencing other people on a global, civic or individual level. Do Mayardit and his tyrants understand politics in intellectual way? Very bad situation, I think God should close the gabs now before South Sudan collapse!!

More narrowly, Politics it refers to achieving and exercising positions of governance organized control over a human community, particularly a state. Furthermore, politics is the study or practice of the distribution of power and resources within a given community a hierarchically organized population as well as the interrelationship(s) between communities.

Absolutely, a variety of methods are employed in politics, which include promoting one’s own political views among people, negotiation with other political subjects, making laws, and exercising force, including warfare against adversaries. Politics is exercised on a wide range of social levels, from clans and tribes of traditional societies, through modern local governments, companies and institutions up to sovereign states, to the international level. But for the case of South Sudan, politics is not practice in good way and eighty percent (80%) of the people don’t know what a politics is all about in South Sudan context. Very disappointing scenario and complex issue that need to be observe very well.

I don’t know whether it is because most of the people who are in the system are not well educated or not? Something needs to be study by researchers for further consumption in South Sudan.

Moreover, coming to the politics of inciting other groups to kills other community like what happened in Juba last year 2013 and what also happened in Maban County indicates that, President Kiir administration or whatever the call you might describe Mayardit government, lost legitimacy in governance, and influencing the people of South Sudan. The only best term to describe Mayardit government it can be call “Consumers Government” on earth.

Each and every one knows that, at first there was killing based on the ethnicity beginning from December 15th, 16th and 17th 2013 up to March 2014 in the Republic of South Sudan where by Nuer were massacred, tortured and other got rapes especially the women.  I don’t know what is behind the killings of the six (6) aids workers that were assassinated in Maban County again?  When the current crisis is now the regime within the regime fighting.

I think one might have read how the six (6) gentlemen were slaughtered like goats in Maban County of Uppernile State by the government Militias.  Very irritating situation that only need God attention to dismantle who is doing wrong to civilian’s population.

Hence, since the current crisis is the regime within the regime fighting; therefore both parties MUST know that, civil populations is far away from the current man made catastrophe that have taken thousands and thousands of people for shortest period of time in both sides.

Sometimes, I also urged that, most of the South Sudanese who claims calling themselves politicians and moreover they are not. I always says, people don’t know politics at all, what is in people minds is the ideology of Corruptions, Tribalism, nepotism, raping children girls under age and parochialism where some people minds are low or narrow minded and more interestingly their psychological black boards lack intellectual dynamism. Very contagious situation!!!

Well, illiteracy is the major problem that had caused the current civil war in South Sudan. Most of the people, who work in the civil servants, are all semi-illiterate. Most of the Generals who instructed the massacred of the civilians in Juba are illiterate. Most of them range from class four (4), five (5) and eight (8) as per the Education is concern. How would you expect someone who has not study well to lead the Nation or direct people in one way or the other? I only see this in South Sudan, in the whole world no illiterate President or semi-illiterate who is leading intellectuals. Most of the people who studied well, they know the value of human lives and observing democratization processes.

However, since April 2014 up to now, the problem became the general issue whereby both warring rivals are mixed up.

The current crisis had reached to another level of dimension where civil populations should not be targeted in the Republic of South Sudan.

Since January up to date, there had been many defections from the government side to the Rebels side and most of the people who defected are from all tribes of South Sudan. When you see the rebellion side, all the sixty four tribes (64) are there as well in the Government, there are different groups in the system fighting among them, no need to target the civilians.

Key Recommendations;

  • In the Republic of South Sudan Transitional Constitution, there is need to regulates some of the demands in order for the President, Vice President and the entire cabinets to be elects , appoints base on the qualifications of an individual. At least someone with Bachelor Degree and above should come up because senior four (4) qualifications/ primary eight(8) is what have destroyed the newest State up to zero level. Once someone holds a Degree and above, he/she is very mature enough in term of thinking intellectually, coming up with programs that might benefits the entire Nation and the world.

The Author is an Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on the issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan; you can contact him on [email protected] or www.independentjournalistpgm.wordpress.com. His book on Tribalism and corruption has already been sent to publishers for publication and will be put on sale soon. Be ready to get a copy soon!!

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